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 img1.gifOptical Refrigeartion by Epstein & Sheik-Bahae

Optical refrigeration to 119 K, below National Institute of Standards and Technology cryogenic temperature
SD Melgaard, DV Seletskiy, A Di Lieto, M Tonelli, M Sheik-Bahae
Optics letters 38 (9), 1588-1590  pdf

Cryogenic optical refrigeration
DV Seletskiy, MP Hehlen, RI Epstein, M Sheik-Bahae
Advances in Optics and Photonics 4 (1), 78-107   pdf

Materials for Optical Cryocoolers
MP Hehlen, M Sheik-Bahae, RI Epstein, SD Melgaard, DV Seletskiy
J. Mater. Chem. C 1 (45), 7471-7478  pdf

Growth and testing of vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers (VECSELs) for intracavity cooling of Yb: YLF
JG Cederberg, AR Albrecht, M Ghasemkhani, SD Melgaard, M Sheik-Bahae
Journal of Crystal Growth

Development of high quantum efficiency GaAs/GaInP double heterostructures for use in laser cooling.
DA Bender, JG Cederberg, C Wang, M Sheik-Bahae
Applied Physics Letters   pdf

Optical refrigeration achieves ΔT> 180K
S Melgaard, DV Seletskiy, M Sheik-Bahae
CLEO: QELS_Fundamental Science


C.G. Wang, C. Y. Li, M. P. Hasselbeck, B. Imangholi, and M. Sheik-Bahae, "Precision, all-optical measurement of external quantum efficiency in semiconductors," J. Appl. Phys.  109, 093108 (2011) pdf


W.M. Patterson, P. C. Stark, T. M. Yoshida, M. Sheik-Bahae,  M.P. Hehlen, "Preparation and Characterization of High-Purity Metal Fluorides for Photonic Applications," J. Am. Ceramic Soc. 94, 2896-2901 (2011)  pdf


D. V. Seletskiy, S. D. Melgaard, R. I  Epstein,  A. Di Lieto, M.  Tonelli, and M. Sheik-Bahae, " Local laser cooling of Yb:YLF to 110 K," Optics Express, Vol. 19, pp. 18229-18236 (2011)  pdf


D. V. Seletskiy, S. D. Melgaard, R. I  Epstein,  A. Di Lieto, M.  Tonelli, and M. Sheik-Bahae, "Precise determination of minimum achievable temperature for solid-state optical refrigeration," J. Luminescence, online 4 (2011)


G. Rupper, N. H. Kwong, Ch.-Y. Li, R. Binder, and M. Sheik-Bahae, " Effect of n-p-n heterostructures on interface recombination and semiconductor laser cooling "  J. Appl. Phys.  108, 113118  (2010)  (pdf)


D. Seletskiy, M.P. Hasselbeck, and M. Sheik-Bahae, "Resonant cavity-enhanced absorption for optical refrigeration", Appl. Phys.  Lett.  96, 181106 (2010) pdf


  W.M. Patterson, M. Sheik-Bahae, R.I. Epstein, M.P. Hehlen, "Model of laser-induced temperature changes in solid-state optical refrigerators," J. of Appl.  Phys107, 063108 (2010)   pdf


W.M. Patterson, Denis Seletskiy, M. Sheik-Bahae, R.I. Epstein, M.P. Hehlen, "Measurement of Solid-State Optical Refrigeration by Two-Band Differential Luminescence Thermometry,"  J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 611-618 (2010).  pdf


D. V. Seletskiy, S. D. Melgaard A. Di Lieto, M.  Tonelli, and M. Sheik-Bahae, "Laser cooling of a semiconductor load to 165 K," Optics Express, Vol. 18, pp.18061-18066 (2010) . pdf


M. Sheik-Bahae and Denis Seletskiy "Laser Cooling in Dense Atomic Media", Nature Photonics, 3, 680-681 (2009). pdf


Denis V. Seletskiy, Seth D. Melgaard, Stefano Bigotta, Alberto Di Lieto, Mauro Tonelli & Mansoor Sheik-Bahae, "Laser Cooling of Solids to Cryogenic Temperatures," Nature Photonics, Januray 2010 (Online)    (pdf)


M. Sheik-Bahae and R.I. Epstein, "Laser Cooling of Solids", Review Article, Laser & Photonics Reviews, (2008) (pdf)


M. Sheik-Bahae and R.I. Epstein, "Optical Refrigeration: Advancing toward an all-solid-state cryocooler", Invited Progress Article, Nature (Photonics), Vol. 1, 693-699 (2007) (pdf)


W. Patterson, M. Sheik-Bahae, S. Bigotta, D. Parisi, M. Tonelli, and R. I. Epstein, "Anti-Stokes luminescence cooling of Tm3+-doped BaY2F8," Optics Express, Vol. 16, No. 3, 1704 (2008) (pdf)


M. Sheik-Bahae, B. Imangholi, M.P. Hasselbeck, R. I Epstein, S. Kurtz, "Advances in Laser Cooling of Semiconductors,'" Proceedings of SPIE, Photonics West (2006) (pdf)


B. Imangholi, M.P. Hasselbeck, and M. Sheik-Bahae. R. I Epstein, S. Kurtz, ''Effects of epitaxial lift-off on interface recombination and laser cooling in GaInP/GaAs heterostructures,'' Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 81104 (2005) (pdf)


M. Sheik-Bahae and R. I. Epstein, ''Can Laser Light Cool Semiconductors?,'' Phys. Review Lett. . 92, 247403 (2004) (pdf)


B. Imangholi, M. P. Hasselbeck, and M. Sheik-Bahae, "Absorption Spectra of Wide Gap Semiconductors in the Transparency Region'' Opt. Comm. 227,  337-341 (2003). (pdf)


C.W. Hoyt, M. Sheik-Bahae, et al., ''Advances in laser cooling of thulium-doped glass.'' J. Opt. Soc. Am. B ,. 20,  1066-1074(2003). (pdf)


C. W. Hoyt, M. Sheik-Bahae, R. I. Epstein, B. Edwards, J. Anderson ''Observation of anti-Stokes fluorescence cooling in Tm-doped glas'',  Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol. 17, 3600 (2000)  (pdf)


C. W. Hoyt, ''Laser Cooling in Tm-doped Solids'',  Ph.D. Dissertaion, University of New Mexico (2003)  (pdf)



Exploring ultrafast negative Kerr effect for mode-locking vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers
AR Albrecht, Y Wang, M Ghasemkhani, DV Seletskiy, JG Cederberg, M Sheik-Bahae
Optics Express 21 (23), 28801-28808   (pdf)

Coherent Detection of Terahertz via Laser Induced Plasma with Controlled Optical Bias
CY Li, DV Seletskiy, M Sheik-Bahae
CLEO: Science and Innovations

Coherent Control of Simultaneously Generated XUV and THz Radiation in Strongly Polar-Asymmetric Excitation
A Gragossian, DV Seletskiy, M Sheik-Bahae
CLEO: QELS_Fundamental Science

D. V. Seletskiy,  M. P. Hasselbeck, J. G. Cederberg, A. Katzenmeyer, M. E. Toimil-Molares, F. Leonard, A. A. Talin, A. and M. Sheik-Bahae, "Efficient terahertz emission from InAs nanowires," Phys. Rev. B   84, 115421  (2011)  [This paper was selected for PRB's Editors' Selection]. pdf

Zhang, L. Wang, S. Krishna, M. Sheik-Bahae, S. R. J. Brueck, "Saturation of the second harmonic generation from GaAs-filled metallic hole arrays by nonlinear absorption," Phys. Rev. B   83, 165438 (2011) pdfJ.

Denis Seletskiy, "Ultrafast terahertz spectroscopy and control of collective modes in semiconductors", PhD dissertaion, University of New Mexico, Dec. 2010. pdf

D. A. Bender, M. Sheik-Bahae, "Complementary ultrashort laser pulse characterization using MOSAIC and SHG FROG," Opt. Lett. Volume: 35   Pages: 2191-2193  (2010)  pdf

D. Bender, J. W. Nicholson, and M. Sheik-Bahae, "Ultrashort laser pulse characterization using Modified spectrum autointerferomteric correlation (MOSAIC) ," Optics Express, Vol. 16,  11782-11794 (2008). (pdf)       See also:   MOSAIC

D. Bender, and M. Sheik-Bahae, "Modified spectrum autointerferomteric correlation (MOSAIC) for single-shot pulse characterization," Opt. Lett.  Vol. 32,  2822-2824 (2007). (pdf)       See also:   MOSAIC

M.P. Hasselbeck, D. Seletskiy, L. R. Dawson, and M. Sheik-Bahae, "Direct observation of Landau damping in a solid state plasma", Phys. Stat. Solidi (c), Vol. 5, 253-256 (2008). (pdf)     

D. Bender, M.P. Hasselbeck, and M. Sheik-Bahae,"Sensitive ultrashort pulse chirp measurement," Opt. Lett.  Vol. 31,  122-124 (2006). (pdf)       See also:   MOSAIC

M.P. Hasselbeck, D. Stalnaker, L.A. Schlie, T.J. Rotter, A. Stintz, M. Sheik-Bahae, ''Emission of terahertz radiation from coupled plasmon-phonon modes in InAs,'' Phys. Rev. B 65, 233203 (2002) (pdf)

Hirayama, and M. Sheik-Bahae,"Real-time chirp diagnostic in ultrashort laser pulses," Opt. Lett.  Vol. 27,  860-862 (2002). (pdf)       See also:   MOSAIC

J. Zeller, J. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, M. Sheik-Bahae, Spectro-temporal characterization of a femtosecond white-light continuum by transient-grating diffraction, Opt. Comm., 185, 133-137 (2000).

Gutierrez, P. Dorn, J. Zeller, D. King, L. F. Lester, W. Rudolph, and M. Sheik-Bahae,"Autocorrelation measurement of femtosecond laser pulses by use of a ZnSe two-photon detector array," Opt. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1175-1177, 1999.

W. Rudolph, M. Sheik-Bahae, A. Bernstein, L. F. Lester,"Femtosecond autocorrelation measurements based on two-photon photoconductivity in ZnSe," Opt. Lett. 22, 313 (1997).

M. Sheik-Bahae,"Femtosecond Kerr-lens Autocorrelation," Opt. Lett. , 22,  399 (1997) (pdf) 

Joachim Zeller, Wolfgang Rudolph and Mansoor Sheik-Bahae"Anomalous nonlinear photoresponse in a InGaN/GaN heterostructure" J. Appl. Phys., 95, 6152 (2004). (pdf)

C. W. Hoyt, M. Sheik-Bahae, M. Ebrahimzadeh,"High-power picosecond optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate", Opt. Lett. 27, 1543-1546 (2002) (pdf).

M. Sheik-Bahae,"Quantum Interference Control of Current in Semiconductors: Universal Scaling and Polarization Effects.," Phys. Rev. B, Rapid Communications, vol. 60, pp. 11258-11260, 1999. (pdf)

M. Sheik-Bahae and M. Ebrahimzadeh,"Measurements of nonlinear refraction in the second-order c(2) materials KTiOPO4, KNbO3, b-BaB2O4, and LiB3O5", Opt. Comm. 142, 294-298   (1997). 

M. P. Hasselbeck, E.W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, ''Dynamic band unblocking and leakage two-photon absorption in InSb'',  Phys. Rev. B15, 7395-7403 (1997).

M. Sheik-Bahae, E.W. Van Stryland,"Ultrafast nonlinearities in semiconductor laser amplifiers," Phys. Rev. B, 50, 14171-14178 (1994).(pdf)

C.A. Aversa, J.E. Sipe, M. Sheik-Bahae, E.W. Van Stryland,"Third-order optical nonlinearities in semiconductors: The two-band model," Phys. Rev. B, 50, 18073-18082 (1994).

M. Sheik-Bahae , J. Wang, E.W. Van Stryland, ''Nondegenerate Optical Kerr Effect in Semiconductors,'' IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  QE-29 ,  30, 249-255 (1994).

T. Xia, D.J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, and E.W. Van Stryland, ''Eclipsing Z-scan Measurements of  l/104 Wavefront Distortion,'' Opt. Lett.  19, 317-319 (1994). (pdf)

J. Wang,  M. Sheik-Bahae , A.A. Said, D.J. Hagan, E.W. Van Stryland, ''Time-Resolved Z-scan Measurements of Optical Nonlinearities,'' J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.  11, 1009-1017(1994).(pdf)

J.U. Kang, A. Villeneuve,  M. Sheik-Bahae , G.I. Stegeman, K. Al-hemyari, J.S. Aitchison, C.N. Ironside, ''Limitation Due to Three Photon Absorption on Useful Spectral Range for Nonlinear Optics in AlGaAs Below Half Bandgap,'' Appl. Phys. Lett.  65, 147-149 (1994).

G.I. Stegeman,  M. Sheik-Bahae , E.W. Van Stryland, ''Large Nonlinear Phase Shifts in Second Order Nonlinear Optical Processes,'' Opt. Lett. 18 , 13-15(1993) (pdf)

G. Assanto, G.I. Stegeman,   M. Sheik-Bahae, E.W. Van Stryland, ''All Optical Switching Devices Based on Large Nonlinear Phase Shifts from Second Harmonic Generation,'' Appl. Phys. Lett.,  62 , 1323-1325 (1993)

D.C. Hutchings,  M. Sheik-Bahae , D.J. Hagan, and E.W. Van Stryland,  ''Kramers-Kronig Relations in Nonlinear Optics'', Optical and Quantum Electronics,  Tutorial Review  24, 1-30 (1992). pdf

A. A. Said,  M. Sheik-Bahae , D.J. Hagan, T.H. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, E.W. Van Stryland,  ''Determination of Bound and Free-Carrier Nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe,'' J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.  9 , 409 (1992).(pdf)

R. DeSalvo, D.J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae , G. Stegeman, H. Vanherzeele, E.W. Van Stryland, ''Self-focusing and Defocusing by Cascaded Second Order Effects in KTP,'' Opt. Lett.  17 , 28 (1992).

M. Sheik-Bahae , J. Wang, J.R. DeSalvo, D.J. Hagan, E.W. Van Stryland, ''Measurement of Nondegenerate Nonlinearities Using a Two-Color Z­scan,'' Opt. Lett.   29 , 258(1992). (pdf)

M. Sheik-Bahae, R. DeSalvo, D.J. Hagan, G. Assanto, G.I. Stegeman, E.W. Van Stryland, ''Nonlinear Phase Shifts Using Second Order Nonlinearities,'' Optics and Photonics News, Vol.3, pp. 11, Dec. 1992.

M. Sheik-Bahae ,  A.A. Said,  D.J. Hagan,  and E.W. Van Stryland,  ''Nonlinear Refraction and Optical Limiting in Thick Media,'' Opt. Eng  30 , 1228(1991).(pdf)

M. Sheik-Bahae , D.C. Hutchings, D.J. Hagan, and E.W. Van Stryland, ''Dispersion of Bound Electronic Nonlinear Refraction in Solids,'' IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  QE-27 , 1296(1991). (pdf)

M. Sheik-Bahae, D.J. Hagan, and E.W. Van Stryland, ''Dispersion and Band-Gap Scaling of the Electronic Kerr Effect in Solids Associated with Two-Photon Absorption'', Phys. Rev. Lett.  65, 96(1990). (pdf)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A.A. Said, T.H. Wei, D.J. Hagan, and E.W. Van Stryland, ''Sensitive Measurement of Optical Nonlinearities Using a Single Beam," IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, QE-26, 760-769 (1990). (pdf)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A.A. Said, and E.W. Van Stryland, ''High Sensitivity, Single Beam n2 Measurements," Opt. Lett. 14, 955-957 (1989).(pdf)

  • Selected  Book Chapters in Nonlinear Optics

Nonlinear Optics Basics: Kramers-Krönig Relations in Nonlinear Optics, M. Sheik-Bahae, in Encyclopedia of Modern Optics, in press, Academic Press, London (2004) (preprint)

Z-Scan, E. W. Van Stryland and M. Sheik-Bahae, , in Characterization Techniques and Tabulations for Organic Nonlinear Materials,  M. G. Kuzyk and C. W. Dirk, Eds., page 655-692,  Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1998 (preprint)

Optical Nonlinearities in the Transparency Region of Bulk Semiconductors,  M. Sheik-Bahae and E.W. Van Stryland, in Nonlinear Optics of Semiconductors, E. Garmire and A. Kost, Eds.,  Volume 58 of Semiconductor and Semimetals, pp. 257-318, Academic Press (1998)

Third Order Optical Nonlinearities, M. Sheik-Bahae and M. P. Hasselbeck, in OSA Handbook of Optics, Vol. IV, pp 17.3-17.38, McGraw-Hill, 2001 (preprint)


M. Sheik-Bahae, H.S. Kwok, ''Characterization of a picosecond CO2 laser system'', Appl. Opt.  24, 666 (1985).

M. Sheik-Bahae, P. Mukherjee, and H.S. Kwok, ''Two-photon and three-photon absorption coefficients in InSb,'' J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 3, 379 (1986).

M. Sheik-Bahae, H.S. Kwok, ''The frequency spectrum of Optical Free Induction Decay ultrashort CO2 laser pulses,'' Appl. Opt.  25, 3333 (1986).

M. Sheik-Bahae, H.S. Kwok, ''Controlled CO2 laser melting of Silicon,'' J. Appl. Phys.  63, 518 (1987).

M. Sheik-Bahae, H.S. Kwok, ''Dynamic reflectivity switching of infrared lasers by an inhomogeneous plasma,'' Opt. Lett.  12, 702 (1987).